The charts from the Newman and Kenworthy study (link below) give data for comparing cities in seven different categories.
For each class of city listed, determine the range of values in each of the seven categories: American Cities, European Cities, High Income Asian Cities, and Low Income Asian Cities. Develop a bar graph for comparing the results.
Summarize what you consider to be the most signficant findings from these comparisons.
In the Newman and Kenworthy reading, Table 3.4 gives fuel efficiency of cars, and Table 3.5 gives modal energy efficiency.
Calculate the ratio of the value for American cites to that of European cities for the following measures: fuel efficiency of urban cars (in MJ/km), modal efficiency of cars, modal efficiency of bus, modal efficiency of rail.
Please summarize the main findings from these calculations.
According to the information in Figure 3.1 from the reading, total fuel use for urban transportation is largely determined by technology, economy, infrastructure and urban form.
Based on the results from your calculations above and and your observations from Question 1, which would you say appear to be the MOST and LEAST important of these four factors in determining the relative amount of fuel that is used for transportation in American cities compared to that in European cities.
Please explain your conclusions.
Pete Jordan's book "In the City of Bikes" describes the epic struggle that was waged by Provo and other groups to keep Amsterdam bike friendly. Based on this description and related discussion in class about other such struggles in San Francisco, Boston, Washington (DC) and Zurich, what would you say are the main factors that steered so many cities towards pursuing a more auto-oriented, less sustainable approach to transportation planning?
Please limit response to no more than 2 typewritten pages